Authors: Katrina Markowicz1, Hasti Raveau1, Erika Bocknek1, Lorraine McKelvey2 & Rachel Schiffman3
1Wayne State University and Merrill Palmer Skillman Institute, 2University of Arkansas of Medical Sciences, 3University of Wisconsin Milwaukee
Evaluation of parental concordance in report of child behavior problems is significant given that discrepancy in report impacts assessment and treatment of childhood psychopathology (De Los Reyes & Kazdin, 2005). Young children from low-income families suffer from higher rates of childhood psychopathology (Cathy & Kaiser, 2003). Furthermore, these children may suffer from factors known to reduce parental concordance such as parental depression and residing in a non-marital household (Treutler & Epkins, 2003; Jensen, 1988). However, little is known about parental concordance in report of precursors to childhood psychopathology in early childhood especially in low-income populations. The current study, a secondary analysis of the Early Head Start Research and Evaluation Project (EHSREP; Love et al., 2005), examined rates of concordance between mothers and fathers reporting aggressive behaviors of their young children (Child Behavior Checklist; CBCL; Achenbach & Rescorla, 2001). The current sample includes mothers, fathers, and their 36-month-old children for whom complete data were available on study measures (N = 239). In the current sample, 54% of families were Caucasian, 19% were African American, 23% were Hispanic, and 5% reported other ethnoracial categories; 51% of the parents were married. Biological and social fathers were identified by children’s mothers. While accuracy of parent report is typically examined based on potential threats to a parent’s cognition, such as depression (Briggs-Gowan, Carter, & Schwab-Stone, 1996), we hypothesize parenting supportiveness towards the child as a salient predictor of parent co-report accuracy. We looked at the relationship between parental supportiveness, parental depression, and marital status in predicting parental concordance in reports of child’s aggressive behavior. Our findings demonstrate that parental supportiveness during dyadic play tasks between mothers and their children and fathers and their children are significant predictors of concordance between parents on child’s aggressive behavior, controlling for maternal or paternal depression, average reported CBCL scores, and marital/residential status (mothers: F=6.46, p=.00; β =.13, p=.00; fathers: F=2.51, p=.04; β=.16, p=.03). Maternal depression, but not paternal depression, was also a significant predictor of parental concordance (β =-.09, p=.05). Married parents overall reported fewer aggressive behaviors than unmarried parents (t=2.66, p=.01), but significance of marital status on concordance dropped out when parenting supportiveness was entered into the regression. Findings underscore the importance of developing healthy parent-child relationships early in life in order to support parents’ understanding of their children’s behavior.
Authors: Stefan Terleckyj, Hasti Raveau, Fatin Dubayo, Hagan Risner, Erika Bocknek
The current study investigated whether adolescents’ relationship satisfaction with their fathers was associated with suicidal ideation and if relationship satisfaction had significant impact on suicidal ideations during certain times. We conducted secondary analyses using the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) Wave 1 (Harris & Udry, 1994-2008) with a sample of 4427 adolescents (49.63% males) from 7th to 12th grade. Adolescents’ relationship satisfaction with their fathers improved from 7th to 12th grade. Significant grade differences were found on suicidal ideations among males, F=3.26, p<.01, and females, F=3.68, p<.01. Regression analysis indicated relationship satisfaction for adolescents predicted reports of suicidal ideations, and was moderated by grade level ΔR2=.04, F (3, 4420) =, p<.01, but was only significant for female adolescents, ΔR2=.05, F (2, 2193) =, p<.01. These findings indicate the impact of quality of father-child interaction and the importance of developing a positive father-child relationship at this critical age in the children’s lives.